Investing In Youths And STEM

 By Jim Falteisek

Dear readers, an audio version of this article is available below.

The global COVID-19 pandemic has taught us that we need the field of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) more than ever. 
From the rapid development of the COVID-19 vaccine to new technologies, STEM has helped us overcome the various challenges the global pandemic has posed.
Most of us seem to agree. 
According to 3M’s global science perception study, the State of Science Index 2021, nearly all surveyed in Asia-Pacific (APAC) agree the world needs more people pursuing STEM-related careers (91 per cent vs. 90 per cent globally). 
To answer this call, governmental bodies and NGOs across the world are distributing free education materials and conducting online lessons for students most affected by the pandemic.
For example, earlier this year, the Ministry of Education Malaysia launched an education TV channel, DidikTV, to provide access to quality edutainment programs on the ministry’s curriculum and co-curriculum for students nationwide.
Besides improving lives, the business case for developing the next generation of thinkers, leaders, and creators is strong. 
From better R&D investment ratios to more disruptive products, there are many benefits businesses can reap. 

Strengthening the STEM talent pipeline

First, developing youth strengthens a much-needed talent pipeline of skilled workers that bring higher productivity, innovation, and competitiveness.  
However, in recent years, countries are facing shortages in STEM talent and this poses challenges for businesses, especially those in the industry.
A 2019 report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) highlighted that the job market in Malaysia was experiencing a shortage of 34 per cent of high-skilled workers. 
If STEM talents keep decreasing, we will not be able to compete in the global market.
Additionally, in 2018, Malaysia’s Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change (MESTECC) found that only 44 per cent of students in schools chose STEM streams compared to 48 per cent in 2012.
Fortunately, this tide is changing. 
The same 3M study found that two-thirds in APAC are more inspired to pursue a STEM career (66 per cent vs. 60 per cent globally). 
Sixty-three per cent in the region also believe that during the pandemic, scientists and medical professionals are inspiring a new generation to pursue a science-based career in the future vs. 62 per cent globally.  
Businesses need to take advantage of STEM’s rising popularity and act now to encourage more youth to pursue education and careers in this field.  

Bringing fresh perspectives and challenging limits

Second, developing youth allows businesses to tap on the ingenuity and innovativeness of the youth.
Experienced leaders already have the proven formula, but fresh perspectives are needed from time to time.
The youth bring new ideas and challenge the limits of what can or cannot be done. 
This trend is backed by neuroscience.
Research has shown that the brain’s prefrontal cortex regulates planning and decision-making and does not mature until about age 25, causing youth to be greater risk-takers, which in turn helps them learn better, acquire skills faster and be more creative.
It is for this reason that many businesses are launching accelerator and incubator programs, and case challenges are targeted at youth.

Enhancing the meaning of work 

Employees are increasingly seeking meaningful work.
A global study in 2019 found that meaning and purpose was the most important aspect of work to employees. Those who deemed their work meaningful were also four times as likely to value their sector.
When exploring the implications of meaningful work on employees in Asia, researchers also found that it not only positively impacts productivity and performance but also encourages employee loyalty.
By painting their purpose more clearly, corporations can attract more youth to their talent pipeline. 

Youth development programs

The case for STEM corporations to support youth development is a strong one. But how should they do so? 
Findings from the 3M State of Science Index hint at the answers. Amongst those who believe corporations should be involved in supporting STEM education, the top actions they wanted corporates to prioritise include creating resources for kids to get involved in science at an early age (46 per cent vs. 44 per cent globally); investing in inspiring kids to love science (42 per cent vs. 39 per cent globally); providing grants/scholarships to underrepresented students (41 per cent vs. 43 per cent globally); and hosting programs like internships, summer camps, and workshops to help students pursue STEM (40 per cent vs. 43 per cent globally). 
3M takes these findings to heart.
Globally, we have set new goals towards youth development.
We aim to create five million unique STEM and Skilled Trades learning experiences for underrepresented individuals by the end of 2025.
In Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, we launched the ‘3M Inspire Challenge’, a regional case challenge calling on undergraduates to bring their best ideas in Technology, Sustainability, and Innovation. 
But these programs are just the tip of the iceberg. 
After all, as a science-based company, we have an important role to play in investing in our future generation. 
We want to be the catalyst to that spark and hope to encourage more corporations to join us in this effort.

About the Author: Jim Falteisek (pictured above) is the Senior Vice President, 3M Asia Corporate Affairs and Managing Director, 3M Korea. This is an opinion column. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of this publication. Falteisek’s article is written in conjunction with the upcoming International Youth Day on August 12.

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